The United States Environmental Protection Authority USEPA describes a contaminant as "any physical, chemical, biological, or radiological substance or matter that has an adverse effect on air, water, or soil" Contamination is dangerous to the safety and health of humans, wildlife and the environment.
Costs and Savings in Relation to Pollution Control A number of publications review and discuss the evidence on the costs and benefits of different pollution control interventions in industrial countries see, for example, U. Textile and dye industries emit a liquid effluent that contains toxic residues from the cleaning of equipment.
These chemicals are consumed by the animals and plants and thereby make their way in the ecosystem. Various mitigation measures for reducing PM10 and health impacts were examined in terms of reductions in tons of PM10 emitted, cost of implementation, time frame for implementation, and health benefits and their associated cost savings.
These fertilizers increase the concentration of nitrates in groundwater, leading to high nitrate levels in underground drinking water sources, which can cause methemoglobinemia, the life-threatening "blue baby" syndrome, in very young children, which is a significant problem in parts of rural Eastern Europe Yassi and others The degradation of land that could be used constructively in other words is land pollution.
In addition, to improve analysis of the economic costs of health impacts, better estimates are needed of the burden of disease related to chemical air and water pollution at local, national, and global levels.
The algae blocks light from other plants. The use of lead pipes and plumbing fixtures may result in high levels of lead in piped water.
Land pollution Land can become polluted by household garbage and by industrial waste. It is literally the base of our ecosystem. Decades of economic and industrial growth have resulted in lifestyles that increase the demands on water resources simultaneous with increases in water pollution levels.
Developing countries face major water quantity and quality challenges, compounded by the effects of rapid industrialization. Environmental Science and Technology. Environmental Protection Agency in the late s Krupnick and Morgenstern If too many gases are introduced into the atmosphere, though, more heat is trapped and this can make the planet artificially warm, according to Columbia University.
Each household produces tonnes of garbage each year. Disinfection by-products and arsenic have been a particular concern International Agency for Research on Cancer One butt thrown on the ground can remain for up to 25 years, leaking chemicals like arsenic, ammonia, acetone, benzene, cadmium, formaldehyde, lead, and toluene into the environment.
It is when nutrients, such as nitrogen, are added into bodies of water. Effect on human health: Get rid of your lawn: Seawater pollution with persistent chemicals, such as polychlorinated biphenyls PCBs and dioxins, can also be a significant health hazard even at extremely low concentrations Yassi and others The existing literature indicates that long-term exposure may have more adverse health effects than short-term exposure and, hence, have higher cost implications.
It leads to loss of revenue for the state government.
Metallic mercury is also easily transported through the atmosphere because of its highly volatile nature. A disturbed rain cycle affects a lot of factors.
The review did create a good deal of controversy in the United States, because professionals and nongovernmental organizations active in the environmental field accused the authors of overestimating the costs and underestimating the benefits of controls over chemicals see, for example, U.
For instance, the movement of rain or irrigation water over land picks up pollutants such as fertilizers, herbicides, and insecticides and carries them into rivers, lakes, reservoirs, coastal waters, or groundwater.
The associated burden of disease can be substantial, and investment in research on health effects and interventions in specific populations and exposure situations is important for the development of control strategies. They become home for rodents, mice etc which in turn transmit diseases.
A system of congestion fees, in which drivers have to pay before entering central urban areas, was introduced in Singapore, Oslo, and London and has been effective in this respect.
Careful analysis of the same type is required for populations particularly vulnerable to chemical water pollution to assess whether control of chemical pollution can also yield significant benefits. Chemicals in drinking water can also be carcinogenic. Commercial or industrial waste is a significant portion of solid waste.
For example, if the air pollution from transportation emissions is reduced by actions that reduce the use of private motor vehicles by, say, providing public transportation, not only are carbon dioxide levels reduced; traffic crash injuries, noise, and physical inactivity related to the widespread use of motor vehicles also decline Kjellstrom and others Air pollution has been linked to health problems like asthma and lung disease, as well as the deterioration of the ozone layer (which protects us from harmful UV rays) and the warming of the earth.
This chapter will not repeat the discussion about indoor air pollution caused by biomass burning and water pollution caused by poor sanitation at the household level, but it will focus on the problems caused by air and water pollution at.
Human activities polute environmental media (air, water or soil). All human industrial, agricultural, recreational, and domestic activities are capable of introducing "contaminants" to the environment, thereby negatively impacting the atmospheric air, water and land/soil.
Water, Air, & Soil Pollution is an international, interdisciplinary journal on all aspects of pollution and solutions to pollution in the biosphere.
This includes chemical, physical and biological processes affecting flora, fauna, water. Published: Fri, 10 Jun POLLUTION ‘POLLUTION’, the most commonly used word in our everyday life relating to the destruction of the natural air we breathe, the water we drink and the land we live on.
Sep 07, · Water and soil pollution usually occur together as polluted water seeps into the soil and contaminates it. Pollutants can also leach out from soil into water bodies when it rains. Thus, this was an introduction to the three major kinds of pollution.Download