With the exception of the provisions of the preceding paragraphs, the usufructuary cannot cut down trees unless it be to restore or improve some of the things in usufruct, and in such case shall first inform the owner of the necessity for the work.
Property of public dominion, when no longer intended for public use or for public service, shall form part of the patrimonial property of the State.
Whenever the owner of the material employed without his consent has a right to an indemnity, he may demand that this consist in the delivery of a thing equal in kind and value, and in all other respects, to that employed, or else in the price thereof, according to expert appraisal.
Ownership may be exercised over things or rights. Should this requirement be not first complied with, the courts shall protect and, in a proper case, restore the owner in his possession. In case the death certificate cannot be found, the party shall make an affidavit setting forth this circumstance and his or her actual civil status and the name and the date of the death of the deceased spouse.
Neither can he exercise the easement in any other manner than that previously established.
The builder, planter or sower in bad faith is entitled to reimbursement for the necessary expenses of preservation of the land. Every possessor has a right to be respected in his possession; and should he be disturbed therein he shall be protected in or restored to said possession by the means established by the laws and the Rules of Court.
The usufructuary, before entering upon the enjoyment of the property, is obliged: The costs of litigation over the property shall be borne by every possessor. The share of the co-owners, in the benefits as well as in the charges, shall be proportional to their respective interests.
For this purpose, he may use such force as may be reasonably necessary to repel or prevent an actual or threatened unlawful physical invasion or usurpation of his property. Explorations for subterranean waters on lands of public dominion may be made only with the permission of the administrative authorities.
If such owners claim them, they shall pay the expenses incurred in gathering them or putting them in a safe place. The portions belonging to the co-owners in the co-ownership shall be presumed equal, unless the contrary is proved.
To the owner belongs: The owner of a parcel of land is the owner of its surface and of everything under it, and he can construct thereon any works or make any plantations and excavations which he may deem proper, without detriment to servitudes and subject to special laws and ordinances.
If in consequence of a calamity or extraordinary event, the trees or shrubs shall have disappeared in such considerable number that it would not be possible or it would be too burdensome to replace them, the usufructuary may leave the dead, fallen or uprooted trunks at the disposal of the owner, and demand that the latter remove them and clear the land.
Possession may be acquired by the same person who is to enjoy it, by his legal representative, by his agent, or by any person without any power whatever: Usufruct gives a right to enjoy the property of another with the obligation of preserving its form and substance, unless the title constituting it or the law otherwise provides.AN ACT TO ORDAIN AND INSTITUTE THE CIVIL CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES.
BOOK II PROPERTY, OWNERSHIP, AND ITS MODIFICATIONS Civil fruits are the rents of buildings, the price of leases of lands and other property and the amount of perpetual or life annuities or other similar income. Art. A nuisance is any act, omission.
CHAPTER I > EFFECT AND APPLICATION OF LAWS.
Article 1. This Act shall be known as the “Civil Code of the Philippines.” (n) Art. 2. Laws shall take effect after fifteen days following the completion of their publication in the Official Gazette, unless it.
Civil Code of the Philippines Linggo, Oktubre 9, Article Art. No co-owner shall be obliged to remain in the co-ownership.
Each co-owner may demand at any time the partition of the thing owned in common, insofar as his share is concerned. AN ACT TO ORDAIN AND INSTITUTE THE CIVIL CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES PRELIMINARY TITLE CHAPTER 1 Effect and Application of Laws Article 1.
Article When the civil action is based on an obligation not arising from the act or omission complained of as a felony, such civil action may. The Civil Code of the Philippines is the product of the codification of private law in the Philippines.
It is the general law that governs family and property relations in the Philippines. It was enacted inand remains in. Article and to of the Civil Code of the Philippines, the Building Official shall order their repair, vacation, or demolition in accordance with the following procedure: (1) Where the dangerous building can reasonably be repaired such that it .Download